How To Fix An Electric Scooter

How To Fix An Electric Scooter – A To Z Guide

  • 7 min read

Sometimes you need to know how to fix an electric scooter. Why? For example, think of the times you plan to go for rides, but suddenly your electric scooter stops working. That’ll be extremely irritating, isn’t it?

Although, these vehicles are built to have longer durability. But that doesn’t mean it needn’t any minimum maintenance.

An electric scooter has various electrical components like any other vehicle. Engine heats, extreme riding activities, or loose wire can cause critical damages like hot engines, brake issues, or damaged circuit breakers.

Either it occurs due to the e-scooter faulty motor, the broken wire connectors, or a burnt fuse. You need to handle these issues very carefully not to damage the vehicle even more.

In this article, we would like to introduce you to a basic electric scooter repair guide to help you learn how to fix an electric scooter all by yourself.

How To  Fix An Electric Scooter - When To Consider Troubleshooting

How To Fix An Electric Scooter - When To Consider Troubleshooting

It may take a lot of time to figure out the mechanical issue your electric scooter has! Well, in that case, you need to have explicit knowledge of the significant components of it.

Generally, there are many parts in an electric scooter, but a few numbers of them are called the major parts.

Major Parts Of An Electric Scooter

  • Motor
  • Brakes
  • Battery and Battery Charger
  • Fuse or Circuit Breaker
  • Throttle and Speed Controller
  • Power Switch or Key Switch
  • Wheels

Well, with a few tools or no tools, you can learn how to fix an electric scooter quickly. But it’s important to feel comfortable and safe while performing the task. Suppose by any chance you feel uncomfortable handling it by yourself.

Therefore, there are many scooter repair shops. Besides, there are professional mechanics for electric scooter repair that you can seek. They take care of the issue for you as they are experts in troubleshooting. And they take precautions before they fix an electric scooter.

Fixing An Electric Scooter Motor

Most electric scooters use a handily incorporated motor either into the hub of the front or the rear wheels. This simplifies its installation and maintenance. 

Two Types Motor Of An Electric Scooter

  • The Hub Motor
  • The Electric Motor

An attached motor with a scooter’s wheel makes it efficient to move smoothly on the ground. Although, you should be aware of the design of your scooter's hub motor before troubleshooting. 

Different Designs Of A Hub Motor

  • Geared Hub Motors
  • Gear-less Hub Motors
  • Brushed Motors
  • Brushless Motors

Whenever it gets slow, you can check on the motor to determine any loose wires or loose connections.

Try not to have disconnected wire connectors while checking. But if you find anything like melting wires, it is due to the coils’ overheating.

Furthermore, check for a faulty speed controller, cause this may happen when it’s damaged due to a short circuit breaker. If that's such an issue, try to replace the electric scooter motor immediately.

Fixing The Braking System

Fixing The Braking System

Brakes are the safest feature of an electric scooter. Like a motor, the brakes come in different types and are flexible and very easy to fix.

Different Types Of Brakes

  • Disc Brakes
  • Electronic Brakes
  • Drum Brakes
  • Hand Brakes
  • Regenerative Brakes

But, unfortunately, some scooter models are designed to have only front or rear-wheel brake pads. And that is not great compared to the current scooter model with independent brakes on each wheel.

Tightening your scooter’s brakes from time to time can prevent brake failure. Also, check your scooter’s brake lever switch, instructing the speed controller to turn off when the brakes are applied.

Finally, try disconnecting the brake lever wire, then run the scooter. If it runs fine, then the brake switch connector is the problem, which is why the motor’s not running.

Read Also: Why Electric Scooter Is So Popular Nowadays

Test The Battery And Battery Charger

Do you perform heavy stunts or run your vehicle on unpaved watery grounds? Cause it is an easy way to damage the scooter batteries. The battery is an essential part of an e-scooter because it produces enough power for the scooter motor.

So, the battery issue can be another cause of a faulty motor. To prevent any battery damage, it’s recommended not to use any faulty charger and remove the device’s dead battery.

Remember to check the battery charger and the charger port as well. Plug it into a power outlet and look for any lit indicator light, which indicates the scooter is charging.

Most chargers show only the green light while charging. If the charger is defective, then the indicator light won’t light. Or else try to inspect the charger's output voltage level by using a multi-meter.

Test The Fuse Or Circuit Breaker

Check for fuses in your electric scooters. It might happen that it has burnt, which is why the scooter stopped working. Remove the fuse and hold it upside down under a light to check if it’s burnt out or not. And if the scooter has a circuit breaker, push it on to see if it would reset.

A multimeter can help you to check if the circuit breaker is OK or not. Because even after you mechanically reset it, it still might not work. However, you can move the power switch on and off to check if the scooter runs appropriately. 

Test The Throttle And Speed Controller

Test the throttle of your e-scooter. You'll need a 4.5-5V DC power source as well as a multimeter. The throttle can sometimes be the source of the issue. If you are unable to operate the multimeter, seek assistance from a professional. The multi-meter will notify you whether there's a major issue with your throttle. You should get your throttle fixed if the problem arises.

Speed Controller Isn't Working?

  • Ensure the power switch is activated
  • Inspect circuit breaker or fuse
  • Try starting the electric scooter with a little push
  • Examine the controller by sight, smell, and touch
  • Inspect the speed controller and its other components
  • Examine the brake lever switch
  • Check on the key switch or power switch
  • Inspect the battery charger and port
  • Inspect the battery
  • And test the battery pack voltage as well
  • And finally, try testing the throttle, speed controller, and motor

Test Power Switch Or Key Switch

Try moving the power switch or the turn-key switch between the on and off positions numerous times if your motorcycle doesn't operate. There could be trouble with the switch if it appears to be loose. The multimeter can also be used to inspect the switch for problems.

A Few Other Things To Consider

Although, the facts we have talked about may not be the exact problems you are facing. We’d also discuss some other common issues to assist you in how to fix an electric scooter.

If you find a faulty speed controller, make sure to turn off the scooter’s power switch or key switch and rest for some time. Then start it again and try pushing it to run smoothly. Check the fuse or another compartment attached to the speed controller if this isn’t the case.

Then again, if your scooter shuts off while riding, you can press the engine’s reset button to reset it and let your scooter engine cool down.

A Few Other Things To Consider

Finally, if the motor doesn’t engage when you kick-start it, you should check for any faulty switch and electrical wiring to reconnect it beneath the deck plate. Then, to test the scooter’s performance, try to ride a short distance.

Ensure not to cross the weight limit and overweight the scooter as it is one of the main reasons for influencing the speed mode. Most importantly, avoid being in the water with a mobility scooter with no water resistance. 

Read Also: Best Heavy Duty Mobility Scooters

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